Boxed In 2015-16: Women On Screen and Behind the Scenes in Television
A study from Dr Martha Lauzen’s Center for the Study of Women in Television and Film at San Diego State University. In 2015-16, 79% of the broadcast, cable, and streaming programs considered featured casts with more male than female characters. 5% offered ensembles with equal numbers of female and male characters, and 16% had casts with more female than male characters. Behind the scenes, women comprised 26% of creators, directors, writers, producers, executive producers, editors, and directors of photography working on the programs considered. Programs with at least one woman executive producer or creator featured higher percentages of female characters overall, more females as major characters, and more women writers and directors than programs with exclusively male executive producers or creators.